This study reflects on discourses, politics and culture of islamophobia with reference to Muslim diaspora communities in post-migration Western European context. It argues that islamophobia is the product as well as carries the agency of Muslim diaspora enclave-exclave phenomenon. These socio-spatial encounters are not to be seen as divisive, but are to be understood as productive that seek to negotiate a transnational multi-cultural public space for integration. It is in this context that this study has sought to relocate European Islamophobia in Muslim diaspora enclaves.
Syed Furrukh Zad Ali Shah is currently serving as Assistant Professor at Faculty of Contemporary Studies, National Defense University Islamabad Pakistan.