This fourth volume of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook gives a comprehensive account of the employment and labour situation in Africa and presents a coherent strategy of employment creation and poverty alleviation. A broad concept of active labour and employment policies for countries in sub-Saharan Africa is followed throughout this volume, emphasising not only the importance of employment-friendly macroeconomic and sectoral policies, but also the necessity of appropriate labour policies with regard to labour institutions, labour relations and labor conditions. In this context the new regional and international demands to redesign structural adjustment policies and development co-operation in order to lay greater emphasis on the employment issue are considered as well. Finally, the potential conflict between employment generation and environmental protection is examined and options for sustainable development policies are discussed.
Karl Wohlmuth ist Professor für Wirtschaftswissenschaft an der Universität Bremen.
Frank Messner ist wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter am Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaft der Universität Bremen.