The question whether Arendt's distinction of the `private, public and society' can be applied to the Japanese cultural context will be examined. It will be argued that repressed needs for equality, plurality and independence have made their way back through increased civil political participation and that this process is driven by the renaissance of the pre Meiji Samurai principle of ethical individualism.
Patrick Hein, M.A. in political science Marburg University and Waseda University scholarship. Mental health counseling qualification from Capella University.